Dental extractions are the complete and permanent removal of teeth from the mouth. Our teeth are held firmly in place by the tooth roots that are embedded in the jawbone. During a tooth extraction, we will extract the tooth entirely from crown to root. Since the procedure could cause pain and discomfort, we numb the oral tissues which helps to prevent pain.
When Is a Tooth Extraction Required?
- External trauma:External trauma can damage teeth. This could be in the form of cracks, chipping, or even fractured teeth. We will consider all possible means to restore such teeth to their ideal states, such as crowns, veneers, and composite bonding, before considering extraction. But if the tooth is beyond restoration, we will have to extract it to keep you from further pain.
- Cavities: Cavities or tooth decay are the most common reason why teeth need to be extracted. Cavities are caused by bacteria that produce acid that erode the teeth, leading to demineralization and decay of the tooth tissues. If left untreated for a long time, cavities can advance into the root canal cavity and cause a root canal infection. If this happens, we will consider performing root canal therapy and filling the cavity using tooth-colored filling material to restore it. But if it is decayed beyond any treatment, we would suggest you get it extracted.
- Impacted teeth:Impacted wisdom teeth can cause severe pain in the jaws and significantly increase the risk of developing oral infections. Simple oral activities like biting and chewing food would become difficult. Hence, the best means to treat such a condition is by extracting the teeth from the jawbone completely.
- Orthodontic solutions:When your dentist suggests you get orthodontic appliances to correct the alignment of your teeth, they might recommend extracting teeth on either side of the mouth to make space for the movement of teeth. This would be required for almost all types of orthodontic appliances.
How Is an Extraction Performed?
The dentist will examine your mouth to determine if you require a tooth extraction. If you do need an extraction, your teeth will be cleaned to remove the microbes and saliva. Anesthesia is administered to numb the tooth, jawbone, and surrounding soft tissues. Once it takes effect, we will grip the tooth firmly using dental forceps. It will be shaken a few times to loosen it from the socket, after which we will remove it in one swift motion.
If the tooth is stuck or impacted in the jawbone because of complications, we may have to section it into smaller fragments and remove them one at a time. The wound will be closed using a suture, and suitable aftercare instructions will be given to enable optimum healing.
Please schedule a consultation with our highly trained team of dental experts and we'll guide you further. You can call us at (707) 635-6565 or reach us through online consultation.